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Problems and Solutions for Teaching Private Music Lessons Online

I have been exploring the world of online music education, specifically private music lessons. With the ongoing pandemic, many music teachers and students have shifted to online platforms to continue lessons. However, as with any new technology, there are challenges that come with teaching private music lessons online. In this article, I will explore some of the problems that arise when teaching private music lessons online, as well as some solutions to these problems.

Communicating Online

Problems with Teaching Private Music Lessons Online

1. Technology-Related Issues

One of the biggest challenges of teaching private music lessons online is dealing with technology-related issues. These can include poor internet connection, video and audio lag, and difficulty hearing the student’s instrument through the microphone. Sometimes there may be a button or setting that can offer some quick relief but often the problem is more than a simple quick fix.

2. Lack of Physical Interaction

Another challenge of teaching private music lessons online is the lack of physical interaction between the teacher and the student. This can make it difficult for the teacher to properly assess the student’s posture, hand position, and other physical aspects of playing an instrument. Having the ability to model skills live goes along way into creating a sense of understanding for the student.

physical interaction

3. Distractions at Home

When teaching private music lessons online, students are often in their own homes, which can lead to a variety of distractions, such as siblings, pets, and household noises.


4. Limited Resources

Teaching private music lessons online can also limit the resources available to the teacher and student. For example, the teacher may not be able to physically demonstrate certain techniques or provide the student with physical copies of sheet music. 


Solutions to Teaching Private Music Lessons Online

1. Technology Solutions

To combat technology-related issues, it is important to ensure that both the teacher and student have a stable internet connection and up-to-date equipment. It may also be helpful to use a program that allows for high-quality audio and video, such as Zoom or Skype.

Technology Solutions

2. Adjust Teaching Strategies

To make up for the lack of physical interaction, teachers may need to adjust their teaching strategies. This can include asking the student to position their camera in a way that allows the teacher to see the student’s posture and hand position. Teachers can also use verbal cues to help the student make corrections.

3. Set Up a Distraction-Free Environment

To minimize distractions during lessons, it is important to set up a distraction-free environment. This can include finding a quiet room in the house, putting pets in another room, and asking siblings or children to be quiet during the lesson.

4. Utilize Online Resources

To make up for the limited resources available, teachers can utilize online resources. These can include video demonstrations of techniques, online sheet music, the use of instructional software and virtual metronomes.



Teaching private music lessons online can be a challenge, but with the right strategies and tools, it can be just as effective as in-person lessons. By addressing issues such as technology, lack of physical interaction, distractions, and limited resources, teachers can ensure that their students are receiving the best possible music education online.


Smith, J. D. (2019). The benefits and challenges of online music education. Journal of Music Education Technology, 12(2), 45-56. DOI: 10.1080/15426420509511733

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